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How to do a good job of kitchen sanitation

Kitchen is the difficulty and key point in home cleaning. It is very important to do well in the sanitation of this place.
How to do a good job of kitchen sanitation
1. Basic requirements
In the family cleaning, the kitchen sanitation takes the main position. The kitchen sanitation includes food sanitation, tableware sanitation, storage sanitation, personal sanitation, kitchen environmental sanitation and kitchen utensils sanitation. Whether the kitchen sanitation is related to people's health or not, as the saying goes, "diseases come from the mouth." The disease here refers to the impact of contaminated food on human health. Good kitchen sanitation should start from the following aspects:

(1) keep the environment inside and outside the kitchen clean, pay attention to ventilation and air release, and clean the dirt and garbage in time.

(2) kitchen furniture, cookware and tableware should be cleaned and disinfected frequently. Put in order.

(3) all kinds of seasonings, fresh vegetables and meat shall be properly stored to prevent the flavor from deteriorating.

2. Cleaning of tableware
(1) the washing order is: first wash the tableware without oil, then wash the tableware with oil. Wash small dishes first, then big ones, and then pots and pans. It is difficult to wash the greasy tableware with detergent. It can be repeatedly scrubbed with detergent.

(2) generally, the disinfection methods of tableware are scalding, boiling, bleaching and steaming. Boiling disinfection is an ideal method for family disinfection: first put the cleaned tableware into a boiling pot and boil for about 10 minutes. It can kill ordinary bacteria.

(3) placement of tableware. Tableware should be placed in different categories: bowl and bowl together, and tableware of the same type should be placed in order of size and shape to avoid collision.

(4) cleaning of cooking utensils. Iron cooking utensils are easy to rust. Put them under the tap immediately after use and brush them with a bamboo broom. If there is a fishy smell in the iron pot, you can add water to the pot and put some vegetable leaves in it. Generally, you can remove the fishy smell by boiling until it is washed away.

3. Cleaning of cutting tools and chopping board
(1) after the knife is used up, it shall be wiped with a clean cloth and placed in a dry and safe place to avoid personal injury: if it is not used for a long time, the surface shall be coated with a layer of butter.
(2) if the vegetable board is easy to use wood, it shall be scraped clean after use to prevent mildew.

4. Oil removal
It is difficult to clean up the oil pollution in the kitchen. Here are several methods:

(1) when a little vinegar is added to the mop and then the ground is dragged, the oil stain on the ground can be removed.

(2) it is difficult to remove the oil stains on the cement ground. For example, the dry grass and wood ashes are mixed into paste with water, and then evenly spread on the ground overnight, and then washed repeatedly with water, the cement ground can be renewed.

(3) it is easy to remove the oil stains on the ground when the burned coal ash is mixed with laundry to paint the ground.

(4) it is easy to get greasy dirt on the liquefied gas stove, and it is easy to wash off the greasy dirt when washing with alkaline water; it is not clean when washing with clean water. Use the thick rice soup to smear on the stove, and remove the scabs together. In addition, it can be washed directly with rice soup or noodle soup, or with fishless bone.

(5) it is difficult to clean the oil stains on the glass with paper or cloth. First, wipe it with alkaline detergent, then apply sodium hydroxide or dilute ammonia solution on the glass, and then wipe it with cloth after half an hour, the glass will become clean.

5. Reduce lampblack
According to experts' verification, kitchen lampblack has a direct relationship with the temperature of cooking oil: when the oil is heated to more than 200 ℃, acrolein, the main component of lampblack, is generated, which has a strong pungent taste, strong stimulation to nose, eyes and throat mucosa, and can cause respiratory diseases such as rhinitis, laryngitis and tracheitis; when the oil is burned to "spit out fire", the oil temperature is more than 300 ℃, except for the production of In addition to acrolein, it can also produce agglomerates, leading to chronic poisoning, which is easy to induce respiratory and digestive system cancer.

First move: change the cooking habit of "stir fry in a hurry". Don't overheat the oil temperature. The oil temperature should not exceed 200 ℃ (the limit is the smoke in the oil pan). This can not only reduce the "oil smoke syndrome", but also effectively preserve the vitamins in the dishes.

Step 2: it's the best oil without repeated cooking. Some housewives in order to save some oil, fried fish, fried ribs used oil repeatedly used also do not discard, but it also contains a lot of carcinogens. The repeatedly heated cooking oil, such as the cooking oil used for frying food for many times, not only contains carcinogens, but also the oil smoke produced by it contains more carcinogens, causing greater harm.
The 3rd move: must do well the ventilation of the kitchen. The kitchen should always keep the natural ventilation, and at the same time install the lampblack machine with good performance and effect. In the cooking process, always turn on the range hood, and turn off the range hood 10 minutes after cooking.

Step 4: try to use steaming, boiling, frying and other cooking methods. This can not only reduce the consumption of edible oil, but also reduce the destruction of food nutrients.

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